Wednesday, 5 October 2011

Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics explained by an artist theory on the physics of Time and formation of spacetime.

There is a paradox at the heart of the Second Law of Thermodynamics. In this Law things get more and more disorganized in a process called entropy as time goes on. But the great puzzle is where does the organization originally come from for us to have the universal process of entropy?

This post will put forward a simple idea explaining this organization or symmetry and why entropy is spontaneous with heat flowing from high to low temperature as time marches forward into the future.

This will give us a theoretical justification for the Second Law of Thermodynamics and for statistical entropy.

In this theory Time is not formed by entropy, it is the continuous flow of time and the formation of spacetime that forms statistical entropy and the probability and future uncertainty of everyday life.

The process we see and feel as the flow or Arrow of Time is formed by a hierarchy of events starting with the smallest unit of radiant energy the light photon of quantum physics.

Each photon of light will form a quantum wave particle function that will expand out spherically in three dimensional space having spherical symmetry therefore low entropy.

This is where the organization comes from for statistical entropy; light is a wave over a period of time and only has particle characteristics when it comes in contact with atoms.

When it comes in contact with an atom it will form a photon electron coupling that will have its own three dimensions of space and one direction in time as part of the Arrow of Time.

This forms a continuous process of symmetry forming and breaking. Each new quantum wave particle function expands out spherically in three dimensions forming the potential for more and more photon electron couplings. This forms greater and greater degrees of freedom increasing the potential for the disorder that we see as statistical entropy.

Energy levels will cascade down from a few high frequency photons to a large number of low frequency photons. This will increase the number of photons electron couplings slowing the rate that time flows distorting the geometry of spacetime. Therefore the greater the energy or mass of an object the slower time will flow around that object.

Heat will flows naturally from high to low temperature as time marches on because each photon electron coupling represents a new moment in time that will have its own three dimensional spacetime for the heat to spontaneously disperse into.

Entropy is statistical because the quantum wave particle function also forms Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle.

There is never absolute certainty that statistical entropy will increase (things get more random) only overwhelming probability. There are exceptional moments when entropy temporarily reduces (things get more organized) with time. But overall statistical entropy will increase in line with Second Law of Thermodynamics

This theory is based on just two simple postulates

1. The first is that the quantum wave particle function explained by Schrödinger’s wave equation represents the forward passage of time ∆E ∆t ≥ h/2π or Arrow of Time itself photon by photon

2. The second is that Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle ∆×∆p×≥h/4π that is formed by the wave function is the same uncertainty we have with any future event.

This process of continuous creation or change we see and feel as the flow of time itself that we can interact with turning the possible into the actual!

This forms a continuum of change a kind of dance of creation creating a potential infinity of possibilities at every degree and angle of space and at every moment of time forming the curvature of spacetime.

A link to videos on Quantum Atom Theory an artist theory on the physics of Time.

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