Sunday, 19 December 2010

Could we be the dice players of quantum physics?


Albert Einstein ‘I, at any rate, am convinced that He [God] does not throw dice’. 1926
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This theory is based on two simple postulates,

1) The first is that the quantum wave particle function explained by Schrödinger’s wave equation represents the forward passage of time itself photon by photon or quanta by quanta.

2) Therefore Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle that is formed by the wave function is the same uncertainty that we have with any future event.
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This can sound odd because we think of “time” in different ways; we have time as a measurement to get from A to B. We also have cosmological time looking back at the history of our Universe as a whole.

Modern physics has no understanding of why we have an arrow of time or a future and a past. But time in this theory is a continuous process forming the future geometry of spacetime photon by photon or moment by moment.

In Quantum Atom Theory the atoms interact with light wave of EMR continuously collapsing the quantum wave particle function forming photons that form electrical charge that in turn form electromagnetic fields in three dimensions.

This forms the local spacetime geometry a time-varying electric field act as a source of a magnetic field, and a time-varying magnetic field was the source of an electric field. When either field is changing in time, then a field of the other is induced.

This will be relative to the position and momentum of the objects creating the time variations, the atoms themselves.

There is a complete and perfect symmetry between positive and negative electric charge. Every particle variety there exist an antiparticle counterpart that forms a profound symmetry within the spacetime geometry of our Universe.

In this theory the continuous formation and breaking of these symmetries relate not just to space but represent the forward flow or passage of time itself.

In modern physics everything has its own reference frames that will have its own proper time relative to its energy of mass. The greater the mass the slower time runs in that reference frame forming Einstein curvature of spacetime.

We are all at the centre of our own reference frame and have our own proper time. I could set up a wave function of where I might be tomorrow and it would have the same uncertainty and probability as the wave function of quantum physics.

Because of quantum probability we cannot predict when an individual nucleus will decay in a radioactive sample. Therefore we have the half-life, the time it takes half the nuclei in a sample to decay over a period of time.

This is the same probability we have in classical physics if we take a group of people we cannot predict the life of an individual person of the group, but we can calculate a half-life for the whole group statistically over a period of time.

This theory might sound child-like but it is based on the Correspondence Principle and has a one-to-one correspondence between an element of the theory and an element of reality.

We have probability propagating according to the laws of causality. This gives us a coherent physical interpretation of quantum physics. Objects will form their own spacetime geometry relative to their energy or mass. They will also form the uncertainty of their own future potential as time unfolds ∆E ∆t ≥ h/2π.

The Planck constant h is a constant of action within the geometry of spacetime forming part of a physical process that forms an independent objective reality that we can interact with forming the possible into the actual.

We see and feel this as the forward passage of time and as the uncertainty and probability of everyday life. We see a temporary image of our Universe moment by moment continuously changing made up of an infinite number of photons.
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Each electron has its own three-dimensional spacetime two electrons requires six-dimensions three electrons require nine dimensions and so on.

But no two electrons can share the same quantum state at the same time. This is just the same as an object in our everyday life cannot be in two places at the same time.

Because classical mechanics is an approximation of quantum mechanics we only ever have three-dimensions and the other dimensions represent a potential sequence forming the time continuum.

The deep fundamental difference between quantum and classical mechanics is that quantum mechanics represents the forward passage of time itself.

I hope to base this theory on pure mathematics and therefore pure physics. I believe this can be done in just three dimensions and one variable time.
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Each photon electron coupling represents zero representing a new moment it time (the moment of now) with the positive numbers marching off towards an infinite future, their negative sibling recede towards a limitless past (the positive and negative of EMW).

In this theory it is because time only moves forward that matrix mathematics of Quantum Mechanics does not obey the commutative law of multiplication in which x times y is always equal to y times x nothing can go backwards in time!

Add to this that the probability of the wave function only works one way in time. It is within the rules of quantum physics to calculate backwards and work out what the position and momentum was at some time in the past exactly as we can in our everyday life.

It makes no difference if you use Schrödinger’s wave equation or the matrix algebra of Heisenberg’s quantum particles. This theory gives us an intuitive picture capturing the existence of an underlying layer of reality. This gives us an objective reality to quantum mechanics as a process of continuous symmetry forming and breaking a process of continuous creation.
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Einstein forming his own position and momentum, therefore is own probability.

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I am an artist and therefore outside of the scientific community because of this there is no peer review and any help promoting this theory in the scientific community will be gratefully welcomed.
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A link to
Quantum Atom Theory on YouTube.
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Sunday, 5 December 2010

Einstein's dream an objective quantum mechanics

Einstein’s worked until the end of his life to find an independent objective reality to quantum mechanics.

Einstein believed the quantum theory was correct but not complete. He believed in a hidden variable that would give quantum mechanics an objective reality that would fit in with the reality of our everyday life.

Most other physicist believed that no reasonable definition of reality could be expected to permit the paradoxes of quantum mechanics.

Einstein said “the next stage in the development of theoretical physics will bring us a theory of light that may be conceived of as a sort of fusion of wave and of emission theory of light.
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In Einstein’s Universe position and momentum at the quantum level would be explained in just the same way as it is for an object in our everyday life.

Einstein said “while we have thus shown that the wave function does not provide a complete description of the physical reality, we left open the question of whether or not such a description exists. We believe, however, that such a theory is possible”.

Quantum Atom theory is such a theory and from two simple postulates can explain the paradoxes of quantum mechanics.

The first postulate is that the wave function explained mathematically by Schrodinger’s wave equation represents the arrow of time forming the geometry of spacetime.

The second postulate is that Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle that is formed by the expanding wave function is the same uncertainty that we have with any future event.

Without Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle we would not have the uncertainty and probability of everyday life. The probability of the quantum wave particle function only works one way in time. Just like the uncertainty of everyday life it is always possible to calculate backwards and work out exactly what the position and momentum was at some time in the past just like looking back in history

In the General Theory of Relativity Einstein beautifully explained that the presence of objects in space curves it forming the curvature or geometry of spacetime. If the object moves around then the curvature of space will change as well.

This theory explains the process of how objects form their own rate of time forming the curvature of spacetime. An object will react with the wave particle duality of the light distorting the geometry of spacetime relative to their energy or mass. This will form the passage of time photon by photon the greater the energy or mass the slower time will run in that reference frame.

A moving object will distort its own spacetime geometry more in the direction of its motion. This will form an unbalanced force and the object will keep moving in that direction unless acted upon by an external object. Therefore we have Galileo’s principle of inertia supporting Newton’s first law of motion.

In this theory we can all form our own spacetime geometry forming our own future because our actions will change our energy or mass.

This is why the Planck Constant is a constant of action and represents part of the continuum of time continuously coming into existence photon by photon or moment by moment.
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I am an artist and therefore outside of the scientific community because of this there is no peer review and any help promoting this theory in the scientific community will be gratefully welcomed.
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on YouTube.
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Tuesday, 23 November 2010

Could William Blake have been right, could everything be an infinity?

William Blake 1757…
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A quote from William Blake “If the door of perception were cleansed everything would appear to man as it is, infinite”. Could William Blake have been right, could everything be an infinity?
A link to the video “Could our Universe be an infinity” This video explains how we can have a potential infinity of probabilities at every degree and angle of creation. This is because of the probabilistic nature of the wave particle duality of light.

In modern physics there is only a mathematical interpretation of the wave particle duality of light called the quantum wave particle function.

But in this theory the quantum wave particle function is a physical process continuously collapsing and reforming that forms the forward passage of time photon by photon or moment by moment.

The forward momentum of light forms the forward passage of time and geometry of spacetime.
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The quantum wave particle function is a difficult concept to understand because it expands as a volume of space in the shape of an inverse sphere.

The reason for this is that we are part of the process or within the process.
It is like being within a room that is square in shape the room will be an inverse square because we are on the inside look out.

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Therefore we have an inverse sphere that will expand out from zero in all directions along the x and y axis as part of an infinite process.

The spherical shape of the quantum wave particle function can be seen in the equations of quantum physics (∆×∆p×≥h/4π) in the form of 4 π representing a sphere.

In this theory π is more than just the ratio of any circle’s circumference to its diameter more than a static universal constant. The irrational number π that forms the infinite series 3.14159265979… represents the geometry of a dynamic process of symmetry forming and breaking forming the time continuum and the geometry we see in everyday life.

This can be mathematically explained by what Cantor called ‘the continuum hypotheses’. Cantor discovered a structure to infinity and that there are more numbers between zero and one than there are whole numbers.

He found that we can build greater and greater infinities from zero up and that the further you move away from zero the less infinities you have.

This theory can give us a physical starting point to any infinite series. We can choose when and where to collapse the quantum wave particle function forming new particles in space and new moments in time.

This will form a new wave function of future potential that will expand out from zero in all directions forming an infinity of possibilities.

The forward momentum of light or EMR is continuously collapsing and reforming. This forms a universal fractal branching process that forms the geometry of spacetime and the arrow of time itself.

Therefore Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle is the same uncertainty that we have with any future event.
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Sunday, 14 November 2010

Is Zeno’s paradox linked to Quantum Mechanics?


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This post will put forward the view that Zeno’s paradoxes represent something fundamentally wrong with our understanding of the structure of space and time.

This forms a problem that runs through the whole of human mathematics.

That starts with the discovery of irrational numbers in ancient Greece and forms infinities at the base of Newton and Leibniz calculus.

It can also be seen at the heart of Cantor’s set theory and also as a paradox in his continuum hypothesis.

Quantum electrodynamics also suffers from the problem of infinities that has not properly been solved.

There is also the measurement problem of quantum physics that has no logical explanation.

All this can only be explained by a fundamental change in our concept of space and time.

Zeno’s paradox can be expressed in many ways but for the purpose of this post it is best to think of dropping an object and measuring the time it takes to reach the ground.

We can always half the length of time the object takes to reach the ground and by doing this we will form an infinite series therefore the object will never reach the ground.

Zeno rejected the idea of infinity and so he had a paradox and believed that moving and changing to be an illusion and that only what ‘was’ mattered!

But the theory I am now going explain does not reject infinity but explains it as a universal process that forms the arrow of time and geometry of spacetime. (This does not mean that Zeno was wrong)

In this theory the forward passage of time is formed by the forward motion or momentum of light (EMR) forming the geometry of spacetime.
The probabilistic nature of the wave particle duality of light forms the flow of time itself. This is explained by Schrodinger equation that represents the quantum wave particle function.

Therefore Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle is the same uncertainty that we have with any future event and represents potential future possibilities.

The answer to the problem of infinity is that it only has the potential probability to exist. Aristotle was the first to introduce the idea of something being potentially infinite.

In this theory we have a potential infinity of probabilities at every degree and angle of spacetime because one thing after another is always coming into existence as part of the time continuum.
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Geory Cantor
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This can be explained mathematically by what Cantor called ‘the continuum hypothesis’ because it deals with the continuum of numbers between 0 and 1.

Cantor believed that we have more than one kind of infinity. There are more numbers between 0 and 1 than there are integers, more than infinity.

Set theory lies at the heart of mathematics but Cantor’ set theory relies on there being something called the empty set a set of nothingness.

One of the axioms (principles) of set theory is that we have a choice of choosing one member of any non-empty subset of the set.

This has caused a problem proving the continuum hypothesis. Because there is no explanation of human interaction, how is the choice to be made?

In this theory we have a physical starting point to any infinite series. We can choose when and where to collapse the quantum wave particle function forming new particles in space and new moments in time.

This will form a new wave function of future potential that will expand out from zero in all directions along the x and y axis forming part of an infinite process.

Just has Cantor could mathematically build up a never-ending series of larger and larger infinities this theory can also do the same in the physical world. This fits in with Pythagoras’ most central belief that reality has a mathematical base.

Therefore the infinities in the mathematics of Quantum electrodynamics are not a problem; they represent the continuum of time itself that is infinite and there is no need for the process call renormalization.
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Sir Isaac Newton

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Newton believed the Universe to be a true infinity. In the creation of calculus Newton thought in terms of motion of fluidity not in terms of the infinitely small.

This continuous process of change can be seen has a universal process of symmetry forming and breaking that forms fractal self similarities

Fractals, chaos theory shows that it is possible to have infinity in a finite world (Koch curve) all we need is a way of dividing space up into infinitely small portions.

This theory explains a process of how spacetime can be continuously formed that can always be dived up into infinitely small portions (mathematical infinity).
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Kurt Godel

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This also explains Kurt Gödel, Incompleteness Theorem some problems in mathematics can’t be solved no matter how you approach the problem.
Therefore we have the Measurement Problem and can never know the position and momentum of a quantum particle at the same time. This is because in the world something is in existence or it has the potential to exist, but never both.

In this theory mathematical infinity, physical infinity and absolute infinity are all one and the same.

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“If the door of perception were cleansed everything would appear to man as it is, infinite”.
William Blake 1757…

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Sunday, 7 November 2010

Could a lack of imagination have led to the Copenhagen interpretation of Quantum Mechanics?

This post will put forward the idea that by explaining the Universe (reality) as a continuum that is in a continuous process of creation, we can also explain Quantum mechanics as part of an objective reality.
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In this theory (Quantum Atom Theory) this universal and continuous process is formed by the quantum wave particle function.
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That is continuously collapsing and reforming creating new photon particles in space and new moments in time.
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In this theory the forward momentum of light forms the forward passage of time or arrow of time photon by photon or moment by moment.
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Therefore Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle is the same uncertainty that we have with any future event. The Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle does not work in the same way forwards and backwards in time.
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We can always calculate backwards and find the position and momentum of a quantum particle in the past. This totally fits in with our everyday experience of the nature of time, moving from a known past into an uncertain future.

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Wednesday, 3 November 2010

Is the observer effect true or false?

Some people say that the paradoxes of quantum mechanics can only be explained if it is linked to the consciousness of the observer in the so called “observer effect”. But this theory will put forward the opposite idea that a deeper understanding of the physics of quantum mechanics will give us a greater understanding of how consciousness works.
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We can see in the Two Slit Experiment that it is only when a detector is turned on that the interference pattern collapses. In other words only when light comes into physical contact with something does it collapse into photons or particles. When the detector is turned off the interference pattern will reform.
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It is the conscious idea that leads to the physical action but it is the action itself that collapses the wave function of quantum physics.
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Only an understanding of the process that forms the passage of time and geometry of spacetime will explain quantum mechanics.
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In this theory each new moment in time is formed by a single photon electron coupling creating a wave-function of future possibilities.
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The inward absorption and outward emission of light or EMR forms the arrow of time and geometry of spacetime. We live in a Universe of infinite possibilities (Aristotle’s potential infinity) because of the Probabilistic nature of light.
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On the level of everyday objects the observer will see an infinite number of photon electron couplings, forming a temporary image of the Universe, photon by photon or moment by moment.
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Each new photon electron coupling will have its own position in three dimensional space and a position in time as part of the passage of time this is why everything is relative too everything else and we have Einstein’s general theory of relativity.
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In this theory we form are own quantum particles, virtual particles only manifest themselves when something comes in contact with the quantum vacuum.

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The atoms bond together and react with the wave particle duality of the light in unison forming their own future spacetime geometry we see and feel this as the free-will of everyday life.
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This speculative diagram highlights the profound symmetry between matter and antimatter, positive and negative charge.
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It is the inward absorption and outward emission of light or EMR that forms matter antimatter annihilation forming positive and negative charge that in turn forms electromagnetic fields.
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Because of this process we have a potential infinity of future possibilities at every point in space and at every moment in time that can spiral out forming its own spacetime geometry. We have a continuous process of symmetry forming and breaking that formed a geometrical therefore mathematical base for the evolution of life.
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This geometry that predated the evolution and gave life a mathematical base can still be seen today in the curvature and line symmetry of the individual life form.
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Therefore we never have total chaos and everything is based on the same universal geometry and symmetry.

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The continuous random breaking of this symmetry can be seen as Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle that is the same uncertainty that we have with any future event.
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This is because the quantum wave-particle function that is explained mathematically by Schrödinger’s wave equation represents the forward passage of time itself photon by photon or moment by moment.

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The laws of physics are universal therefore this process formed by the wave-particle duality of light must be happening everywhere and must effect everything even consciousness itself.
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Despite rapid scientific progress, much about how our brains work remains a mystery. What we do know is that our brains’ work by electrical impulses forming chemical changes, this electrical activity forms electromagnetic fields.
If these electrical impulse that cause chemical changes are formed by photons than consciousness is formed by the physics of quantum mechanics.
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Therefore our thought processes could be seen as the most advanced part of a universal process and our hopes and dreams could be forming their own potential future spacetime geometry.
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Wednesday, 20 October 2010

Could the forward motion of light form the forward passage of time?


A link to the video 'Could our Universe be an infinity'

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hFhkd--c9a8




In this theory it is the inward absorption and outward emission of light that forms the arrow of time and geometry of spacetime. We live in a Universe of infinite possibilities because of the Probabilistic nature of light.


In this theory each new moment in time is formed by a single photon electron coupling creating a wave-function of future possibilities.





On the level of everyday objects the observer will see an infinite number of photon electron couplings, forming a temporary image of the Universe, photon by photon or moment by moment.



We have an infinity of possibilities that will spiral out from every point in space and at every moment in time. This can explain the mathematical infinity that we have between each whole number.









A mathematician will continuously form his own spacetime geometry by reacting with the wave particle duality of light. Therefore it is only logical that he will be able to divide that spacetime into infinitely smaller parts.





This speculative diagram highlights the profound symmetry between matter and antimatter, positive and negative charge. We have wave-particle duality and the particle property of light and matter only manifests itself when something comes in contact with the wave.





We have right-angles because the magnetic fields are always at right-angles to the electric fields forming a right-hand spiral in relation to the direction of the current forming the local symmetry and geometry of spacetime.







In this theory our Universe is in continuous creation being formed by the inward absorption and outward emission of light or EMR. This forms matter antimatter annihilation forming positive and negative charge and electromagnetic fields.






The quantum wave-particle function that is explained mathematically by Schrödinger’s wave equation forms an infinity of future potential possibilities at every point in space and at every moment in time, we see and feel this as the passage of time.





We have a continuous process of symmetry forming and breaking that formed a mathematical base for the evolution of life. The continuous random breaking of this symmetry can be seen as Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle that is the same uncertainty that we have with any future event.

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Sunday, 19 September 2010

A new theory on how Schrödinger’s wave equation represents the forward passage of time itself photon by photon or moment by moment.

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A link to the video 'A reason for mathematical infinity an artist theory on spacetime'


In this video mathematical infinity is explained as a physical process unfolding at the quantum level of the atoms. That continuously forms the arrow of time and geometry of spacetime.

This theory (Quantum Atom Theory) is based on two simple postulates the first is that Schrödinger's wave equation does not just predicts what the wave-function will be in the future, but that this process represents the forward passage of time itself photon by photon or moment by moment.



The second postulate is that Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle is the same uncertainty that we have with any future event.

Only infinity or an infinite process could create the diversity we see within our Universe. It is because time forms a time line from the past to the future that we have line symmetry in physics and in the physical world.

Everything that is part of this infinite process will have line symmetry including matter and antimatter, positive and negative charge there is even symmetry between electricity and magnetism forming electromagnetic fields.




There is even line symmetry in the physical shape of life itself. This is because we are not independent of this process but are active participants in the formation of our own spacetime geometry forming our own time line.



Schrödinger's wave-function expands as an inverse sphere the reason it is inverse is because we are within this process and any object observed from within will look inverse.






On the level of our everyday life the wave-function expands as electromagnetic waves (light) that is itself inverse in the form of frequency and wavelength.






The quantum particle wave-function forms a universal process of spherical symmetry forming and breaking that formed a geometrical and therefore mathematical base for Charles Darwin's theory on the evolution of life.


In this theory the reason life never produces straight line but endless variety of curves and spirals is because of the physical shape of the wave-function is always forming Einstein’s curvature of spacetime.

This might sound like a half-baked idea, but this is not because it is based on pseudo science, but because of the weirdness of quantum mechanics.


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Sunday, 12 September 2010

A physical reason for mathematical infinity

http://www.youtube.com/user/nickharvey7
A link to videos on Quantum Atom Theory and artist theory on the Arrow of Time.

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We have mathematical infinity in many forms. We have the infinite series of whole numbers and the infinite series of irrational numbers like pi.

There is also infinity between each whole number that can always be divided into ever smaller parts

If the laws of mathematics are true and linked to the law of nature and physics then these mathematical infinities must represent something in the physical reality of our Universe.

In a new theory called Quantum Atom Theory these mathematical infinities are formed by a continuous process at the quantum level.

Light or electromagnetic waves are continuously collapsing into photons of quantized energy forming new waves of future probability. We feel this process as the forward passage of time that form the geometry or curvature of spacetime.

It is because we can choose where and when to come in contact with the wave-function collapsing the light waves of EMR into quantum particles (photons) that we can create our own spacetime geometry this is why we have free-will.

The reason why we can always divide infinity into sets of infinities is because of this continuous process of the wave-particle function collapsing into new quantum particles of space and time. Because of this we have a continuous expansion at the quantum level that forms the continuum of time and the geometry of spacetime that can always be divided into sets of infinities.

The explanation is very simple a mathematician will continuously form his own spacetime geometry just like any other object in our Universe. Therefore it is only natural that he will be able to divide that geometry into infinitely smaller parts. We are all active participants in the dynamics of our Universe.

It is because this process is continuous that our number system is infinite and we have the infinite series of whole numbers. We have irrational numbers like pi because of the physical shape of the wave-function (spherical or inverse sphere) that forms the arrow of time.

In this theory Schrödinger’s equation does not just predict what the wave-function will be in the future, but this process represents the forward passage of time itself photon by photon or moment by moment.

The probability of the wave-function only works forward in time. We can always calculate backwards and see the position and momentum of a quantum particle in the past.

This is precisely the same as our everyday experience of nature and time, moving from a known past into an uncertain future!

Therefore Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle and the probability of the wave-function are the same uncertainty that we have with any future event.

I have tried to make this theory as simple as possibly in the belief that everyone should be able to understand it; a correct theory should be based on simplicity, symmetry and beauty.

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Wednesday, 25 August 2010

Quantum Mechanics an Artist view of Space and Time


video

A video on Quantum Atom Theory

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Quantum Atom Theory is based on the evidence (mathematics) and experiments like the Two Slit Experiment only the interpretation changes.
When something seems to be both true and false at the same time like wave-particle duality it means that our reasoning must be at fault or that our concept of time is wrong. Only a deeper concept of length and time or spacetime will give us an interpretation of quantum theory that is a valid description of the real world. I believe rightly or wrongly that such an interpretation will also give us an understanding of the arrow of time and why we have a future and a past in our everyday life.

In modern physics we have the cosmological time line leading back to the big bang. But there must also be a process happening now continuously forming the geometry of spacetime that the observer feels as the forward passage of time.

In Quantum Atom Theory this process is formed by the collapsing and reforming of the quantum wave-particle function forming Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle.

Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle is the same uncertainty that we have with any future event forming the future moment by moment or photon by photon

This theory can explain why we have a past and a future as a scientific process continuously unfolding. In this process every object including living things can affect the geometry of spacetime relative to their energy or mass.

It is because we can choose when and where to collapse the wave-function that we have free-will to create our own future at the centre of our own reference frame.

This is more understandable when you think this process is happening everywhere continuously even in the human mind. The observer is always in the moment of now because this process is formed by EMR and is therefore unfolding at the speed of light.

Just as time would stop for an observer traveling at the exact speed of light the observer is in an eternal now because time is formed at light speed.

This does not re-write the laws of physics it merges quantum mechanics with general relativity and therefore can be seen as quantum gravity.

Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity was that mass and energy warps spacetime. But this is not a complete theory because it does not explain how energy and mass can do this.

This theory explains a process on how mass and energy can do this by forming their own rate of time by the absorption and emission of EMR that will distort the geometry of spacetime. Therefore we have gravitational fields that operate at the speed of light as in Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity.

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A link to Quantum Atom Theory on YouTube.

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Sunday, 22 August 2010

An explanation of time in quantum physics and in everyday life

video

Video explaining time in quantum physics and in everyday life.

In Quantum Atom Theory light is a wave of EMR and the quantization of light into photons take place when the waves come in contact with electrons on the surface of atoms.

When light waves come in contact with atoms it is said that the wave function collapses. This is because at that moment in time the waves of light turn into photons that are particles therefore we have wave-particle duality. Because we are all made of atoms and everything is radiating light waves of EMR continuously this is a continuous process. In Quantum Atom Theory this process forms the massage of time and the probability of when and where the light waves will come in contact with an object is the same probability that we have with any future event.

Light or EMR is a universal constant the speed of light is not relative to the movement of the observer or the movement of the object radiating the light. Modern physics cannot explain this but in this theory it is because each new photon of quantized energy forms a new moment in time. We see our Universe moment by moment or photon by photon because the wave-function is continuously collapsing and reforming forming the arrow of time.

Modern physics has no understanding of why we have a future and a past, but this theory can give us a scientific reason and in doing so explain the paradoxes of Quantum Mechanics.

Time is a universal process and it has the property of running at different rates relative to the energy or mass of an object within its own reference frame. This process is not just mathematical but has geometry and symmetry forming Einstein’s curvature of spacetime.

People have trouble visualizing the concept of time having the geometry of spacetime. I believe this is because there was an evolutionary advantage in seeing time as a kind of one dimensional arrow of time.

In modern physics spacetime is made up of an infinite number of reference frames and each one has its own proper time. The rate that time runs within each reference frame will be governed by the energy or mass of the object forming that frame of reference. The greater the energy or mass the slower time will run in that reference frame. Because mass increases when an object accelerates we have time dilation for that object relative to an object not accelerating within their own reference frame.

Some people say the paradoxes of quantum mechanics can only be explained by linking it to consciousness. But I believe only a greater understanding of physics at the quantum level will do this and this will also give us an understanding of what consciousness is and how it works.

Consciousness is the most advanced part of a universal process continuously forming reality. Because consciousness is the most advanced part of this process we can comprehend the process as the flow of time and can think about the past or look forward to the future. We can interact within this process therefore we have free-will to put this into the scientific equations like the Schrodinger’s equation.

In this theory all objects form their own rate of time that will have the geometry of spacetime, you me and even black holes by the absorption and emission of EMR or light. Black holes are the most extreme form and have formed their own region of spacetime where light cannot escape therefore time has stopped. The outer boundary is formed by light rays that just fail to get away and stay hovering at the event horizon. It is only if you come in contact with this EMR that you will fall in under gravity.

EMR always exists in space even Black Holes emit Hawking radiation, because time has stopped within the Black Hole we have gravitational time dilation and the nearer an object gets to the event horizon the slower time will run for that object. All objects emit EMR continuously and this EMR will be distorted because light will always take the shortest path it will be bent by the time dilation and the object will free fall towards the Black Hole.

All object distort the geometry of spacetime like this it is just that a Black Hole has stopped the outward flow of light therefore Schrodinger’s equation cannot predict what the wave function will be in the future because time has stopped in that reference frame.

Because objects can move in any direction in three dimension space but only one direction in time. They will distort spacetime more in the direction they are travelling. This will form the force known as inertia, the natural tendency for an object once set in motion to keep on moving in a straight line.

We are all active participants in the dynamics of our Universe that has just three dimensions and an infinite number of references frames. Each reference frame with its own quantum wave-particle function expanding as an inverse three dimensional sphere of probability. The surface of the sphere having two dimensions forming boundary condition between the past and future in spacetime. This forms the uncertainty of Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle that is the same probability and uncertainty that we have in everyday life.

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A link to Quantum Atom Theory on YouTube.

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Monday, 2 August 2010

Einstein said “for us physicists the distinction between past, present and future is only an illusion”. Could he have been wrong?


A link to the video A Quantum Theory that is a valid explanation of the real world


This video explains the forward motion of time in a dynamically evolving universe within a new hypothesis called Quantum Atom Theory. In this very simple theory creation is a continuous process and the flow of time is formed by the continuous inward absorption and outward emission of light or electromagnetic radiation.

Wave-particle duality can be explained as a process forming the passage of time. Light could then be a wave as in Maxwell’s equations forming the future photon by photon or moment by moment. The energy or wavelength of the light will determine the rate that time runs in that reference frame. Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle is the same probability that the observer will have with any future event.

In an evolutionary sense wave-particle duality and the wave-function must have be here before the evolution of life. So there is no way that the wave-function was formed by consciousness. But we have the w-function here and now continuously collapsing everywhere even within our own minds. I believe consciousness feels this process has the forward passage of time formed by the w-function continuously collapsing and reforming. We have the arrow of time and time only runs one way because the wave-function only works one way we always know the position and momentum of a quantum particle in the past.

In a very similar way that we use sound wave to create our own music we use light waves to create our own future time that will have the geometry of space-time. The wave-particle duality of light is continuously forming a blank canvas for the observer that he or she can participate in!

In this Theory time is unfolding at the quantum level forming the probability that we will see and feel as future events. In this theory all objects (groups of atoms) will form their own future reference frame or space-time by reacting with the wave-particle duality of light. Objects can choose when and where to collapse the wave-particle duality of light forming their own unique position in space and time.
This is all based on the physics and mathematics that we already have. Modern physics says that the Universe is made up of an infinite number of reference frames that all have their own proper time relative to their position and momentum. In Quantum Atom Theory only the interpretation has changed explaining the paradoxes of quantum physics and the reality of everyday life.

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Sunday, 1 August 2010

A reason for a future and a past within a new quantum theory

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Quantum Atom Theory can explain the paradoxes of quantum physics and can also give us a valid explanation of the real world of everyday life.

In this theory we have the paradoxes of quantum physics because we have no fundamental understanding of how time is formed. There has to be a universal process forming the passage of time. In modern physics we have an infinity number of reference frames and each one has its own proper time relative to its position and moment.

But there is no understanding of how time is formed within each reference frame. In Quantum Atom Theory time is formed by the absorption and emission of EMR or light by the atoms. The continuous absorption forms the future and the emission forms the past within the object’s or observer’s own reference frame.

The observer as a group of atoms react with the wave-particle duality of light in unison collapsing the wave-function into photons of quantized energy forming their own time photon by photon or moment by moment therefore we have free-will to form our own future.

Basically in this theory EMR or light expands out in a spherical waves and when it comes in contact with the atoms of another object the waves collapse into photons of quantized energy. This continuous process forms the forward passage of time the greater the energy the slower time runs the stronger the gravitational field and greater the curvature of space-time.


The paradoxes of Quantum physics explained by Quantum Atom Theory

The Double Slit Experiment can be explained as a process unfolding in time. The experiment has its own reference frame or time frame that is isolated from the observer. Until the observer turns on a detector to determine which slit a photon went through. This forms a new photon that is part of the observer time frame and at that moment in time the interference pattern collapses.

Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle is the same uncertainty that the observer will have with any future event. This is because the wave-function represents the forward passage of time at the most fundamental level. Time only moves forward because the wave-function only works one way we always know the position and momentum of a quantum particle in the past.

Quantum entanglement is formed because light has spherical symmetry and a photon will therefore have opposite spin on opposite sides of the light sphere.

The wave-particle duality of EMR is formed by the quantization of light waves when they come in contact with electrons on the surface of atoms. This forms new photons of quantized energy forming the forward passage of time and the geometry of spacetime.

Nonlocality or the ability for things to happen instantaneous at a distance is because time is being formed by light waves radiating out from its radius forming symmetry in three dimensions spacetime.

Superposition in just future probability this is why we can never physically observe an atom in two places at once. To do so would form a photon that would be part of our own time frame and therefore could not be part of any future probability.

Quantum tunneling can be explained by the wave nature of EMR, just as light waves can penetrate glass or x-ray can penetrate the body. At the quantum level EMR in the form of wave can penetrate objects forming a future probability of where quantum particles will be found.

The Twin Paradox is formed because the frequency of an accelerating object will increase (mass will increase) relative to the received frequency that is therefore reduced by the Lorentz factor. As the inward absorption and outward emission of EMR is reduced the duration of a clock cycle will increase for the accelerating object and time will be measured to run more slowly in that reference frame.

Nonlinearity is a kind of chicken and egg paradox, mass tells spacetime how to warp and at the same time warped spacetime tells mass how to move. Once we see that time is formed by photons of quantized energy (energy equals mass) we have a process that is linear within its own reference frame.

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Sunday, 11 July 2010

A concept of Time an artist theory


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A concept of Time an artist theory
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In this theory Time and the geometry of Spacetime is continuously being formed by the spontaneous absorptions and emission of light or EMR, at the quantum level of the atoms.


Electrons in atoms can change energy levels by emitting or absorbing a photon of light whose energy must be exactly equal to the energy difference between the two levels. The frequency of light emitted is a function of how far away in energy the two states of the system were, the energy difference between the two states equals the energy carried off by the new photon. This new photon will therefore have an energy level of the Golden ratio compared to the previous energy levels.



The mathematics of the golden ratio and of the Fibonacci sequence 0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89, 144, 233, 377, 610, 987, … are intimately interconnected.



This gives us a geometrical therefore mathematical base for the evolution of life explaining why Nature never produces straight lines but an endless array of curves and spirals.

We therefore have a universal process of symmetry forming and breaking. Formed by the spherical shape of the quantum wave particle function in three dimensional space forming Einstein’s curvature of spacetime.

This can also be seen in the size of the fine structure constant 137… that cannot be explained by modern physics.

In this theory the fine structure constant results from dividing a sphere into parallel bands of equal area and placing one node in each band at longitudes spaced by a golden section of the circle, i.e. 360°/φ ≅ 222.5°. We then subtract this from 360. The result will always be 137.5 that why it's a constant.



The fine structure constant 137… is the symmetry and geometry of spacetime formed by an interaction between electromagnetic radiation (light) and the spherical electron cloud around an atom.


This is why we have 4pi in the equation representing the shape of the wave function in three dimensional spacetime.


We also have pi in the equation for Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle represents the same uncertainty the observer will have with any future event.
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A link to Quantum Atom Theory on YouTube.

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Wednesday, 30 June 2010

A Quantum Theory with an objective reality, Quantum Atom Theory

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Space and Time explained by an artist theory

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In physics there is no understanding of the arrow of time or why time only flows one way. There is also no understanding of why we have a future and a past and there is no concept of what the “moment of now” is in physics. But in Quantum Atom Theory the future is formed by the inward absorption of light and the past is formed by the outward emission of light at the quantum level of the atoms. This process forms the wave-particle duality of light. Light is a wave until it comes in contact with an atom than it forms a new photon of quantized energy that will be part of arrow of time. Light has momentum and momentum is always conserved and is transferred to the forward motion of time.

Time only moves one way because the Quantum Wave-Particle Function only works one way we always know the position and momentum of a quantum particle in the past. The continuous process of the wave-function collapsing and reforming forms a continuous process that can be measured as time.

This is compatible with relativity because it gives a reason for the formation of an infinite number inertial and non-inertial reference frames that all have their own proper time relative to their momentum and position. Therefore we only need three dimensions and one variable of time. In this theory we only have exchange forces the inward force of gravity is formed by the outward force of EMR forming Einstein’s curvature of spacetime. Therefore we have 4 pi in the equations of quantum physics represents the spherical shape of the wave-function in three dimensional space.

At the quantum level the moment of now is formed by a single photon electron coupling (when light comes in contact with an atom). But on the level of everyday life the observer will see a temporary image of our Universe made up of an infinite number of photons moment by moment.

The observer will always be in the moment of now reacting with the duality of light and will have a unique position in space and time at the centre of their reference frame. In a similar way that we use sound waves to create our own music we use light waves to create our own future time that will have the geometry of spacetime.

The beauty of light is a wave in reflection, refraction, diffraction and in Maxwell’s equations! Only when the light comes in contact with an object is it a particle or photon of quantized energy as in the photoelectric effect. Then the inward absorption and outward emission of the wave will form a quantum of energy that will only be relative to the wavelength and momentum of the light. Therefore each new photon of energy will have a unique position in space and time as part of the arrow of time.

It is because classical physics is an approximation of quantum physics that Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle can be the same uncertainty that the observer will have with any future event and that the process that forms the Uncertainty Principle also forms the passage of time in our everyday life. All object form their own spacetime geometry and gravity relative to their energy and mass including us! Therefore we can form our own ideas and theories in three dimensional spacetime.

A link to Quantum Atom Theory on YouTube.

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Friday, 11 June 2010

The Time Continuum an artist view

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A new scientific theory on the Arrow of Time

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Modern physics has no fundamental understanding of the arrow of time. But in a new theory called Quantum Atom Theory the continuous flow of time is formed by the inward absorption and outward emission of electromagnetic radiation or light.

In this theory light is a wave and will radiate out from its radius in all directions forming light spheres of EMR. Only if the light waves come in contact with an object will they form new photons of quantized energy that will have a unique position in space and time.

This is a continuous process forming the arrow of time and the geometry or curvature of spacetime. If the light does not come in contact with an object it will only have the momentum of its own frequency and wavelength.

We therefore cannot determine the direction of a spontaneously emitted photon. The probabilistic nature of light is forming a sea of electromagnetic radiation creating a blank canvas for the observer that he or she can participate in this is what Socrates called a “Sea of Beauty”.

Put in a more scientific way Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle of quantum physics is the same uncertainty the observer will have with any future event.

We live in a dynamically evolving universe of continuous change because waves by their nature have to move. Therefore we cannot achieve absolute zero and all atoms radiate light or EMR continuously.


In QAT there is no universal time because the Universe is made up of an infinite number of inertial and non-inertial reference frames. That forms their own spacetime geometry (proper time) relative to their momentum and position. Therefore we all have a unique position at the centre of our own reference frame and can look back in time in all directions at the beauty of the Stars.


We have time dilation for an object accelerating towards the speed of light and gravitational time dilation around objects of great mass because the greater the momentum the shorter the wavelength and the higher the frequency.

Therefore the greater the energy or mass of an object the higher the frequency gets and the Planck constant is then multiplied by a larger amount.

The frequency of the accelerating object will increase relative to the received frequency that is reduced by the Lorentz factor. Because in this theory time is formed be the inward absorption and outward emission of EMR or light the duration of a clock cycle will increase for the accelerating object. Therefore time will be measured to run more slowly in that inertial reference frame.

In QAT at the quantum level of the atoms the moment of now is created by a single photon electron coupling creating a wave function of future possibilities. On the level of everyday objects the observer will see the multiplication of photon electron couplings creating a temporary image of the Universe moment by moment that will have probability and statistics.

Even the individual atoms of the observer are radiating EMR forming their own spacetime geometry. The atoms of the observer bond together and then collapse the wave-function in unison forming their own unique future position in space and time.

The observer is always in the moment of now collapsing the waves of light into new photons of energy that will only be relative to the observer’s position and momentum. In this theory it is more than beauty that is in the eye of the beholder but part of creation itself.

It is because this process is at the same rate that light moves that the speed of light between the atoms will always be a universal constant independent of the motion of the source. This can also explains why light is so beautiful when it strikes an object it is because we are looking at a moment of purer creation of time and space.
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A link to Quantum Atom Theory on YouTube.

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Tuesday, 1 June 2010

An objective existence for the wave function of quantum Physics

Video link Quantum Mechanics an artist view.


In this theory on quantum mechanics the quantum wave particle function continuously collapsing and reforming forms the forward passage of time. Therefore Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle that is formed by the wave function is the same uncertainty that we will have with any future event.


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The outward momentum of light or electromagnetic radiation forms the forward passage of time and the geometry of spacetime in three dimensional space.


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All objects radiate thermal radiation even humans it is the emission and absorption of this EMR that creates the forward arrow of time. The observer will feel this as the aging process and as the continuous flow of time.


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The atoms bond together and form their own spacetime time geometry in unison relative to their position and momentum. In this theory if light does not come in contact with an atom it will only have the momentum of its own wave function. If it does come in contact with an atom it will form a photon electron coupling and a new photon of energy that will have a unique position in space and time as part of the arrow of time.


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It is because we can choose when and where to collapse the wave function that we have free-will to create our own future. The observer is at the centre of their own created symmetry and can look back in time in all directions through light-years of space at the beauty of the Stars.


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The individual observer is the only true reference frame because they are forming their own time that will have the geometry of spacetime.
The big difference with this theory and other theories like String Theory and the Many-Worlds Interpretation is that this theory only needs three dimensions and one variable of time. The multiple universes of Hugh Everett are just different space-times or reference frames within our one three dimensional Universe.


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Time only moves forward because the quantum wave particle function only works one way. We always know the position and momentum of a quantum particle in the past.

In this theory the quantum wave particle function is the force that continuously forms the Second Law of Thermodynamics and entropy, the spontaneous natural process of energy becoming dispersed and spread out or more disorder.


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The observer continuously forms his own future spacetime geometry relative to his position and momentum. In Quantum Atom Theory there are an infinite number of space-times (inertial and non-inertial reference frames) that form their own spacetime geometry relative to their momentum and position.


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The process of Time is inverse like multiplication and division or frequency and wavelength. When an atom emits a quantum of energy (photon) we have multiplication and when another atom absorbs that quantum of energy we have division. But the end result is the same time moves on and the observer remains in the moment of now.


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Because this is a continuous process at the same rate that light moves. The speed of light waves between the atoms will always be a universal constant, independent of the motion of the light source and the observer.
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This can also explain why light is so beautiful when it strikes an object it is because we are looking at a moment of pure creation of time and space.

A link to Quantum Atom Theory on YouTube.

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