Wave-particle duality can be explained as a process forming the passage of time. Light could then be a wave as in Maxwell’s equations forming the future photon by photon or moment by moment. The energy or wavelength of the light will determine the rate that time runs in that reference frame. Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle is the same probability that the observer will have with any future event.
In an evolutionary sense wave-particle duality and the wave-function must have be here before the evolution of life. So there is no way that the wave-function was formed by consciousness. But we have the w-function here and now continuously collapsing everywhere even within our own minds. I believe consciousness feels this process has the forward passage of time formed by the w-function continuously collapsing and reforming. We have the arrow of time and time only runs one way because the wave-function only works one way we always know the position and momentum of a quantum particle in the past.
In a very similar way that we use sound wave to create our own music we use light waves to create our own future time that will have the geometry of space-time. The wave-particle duality of light is continuously forming a blank canvas for the observer that he or she can participate in!